Objective: To evaluate the effects of dydrogesterone treatment on first-trimester aneuploidy screening markers and nuchal translucency (NT) in women with threatened miscarriage.
Materials and methods: This study is an prospective case-control study. One hundred seven pregnant women who applied for the first-trimester screening test at 11-14th weeks of gestation were included in the study. The study group consisted of 53 pregnant women using oral dydrogesterone due to the threat of miscarriage for at least 2 weeks and without vaginal bleeding for the last 72 h at the time of enrollment. The control group was composed of 54 healty pregnant women. Fetal Crown-rump length (CRL), NT, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAP-A) level, and free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (free B-hCG) levels of the patients were measured.
Results: One hundred seven patients included in the study, 54 (50.46%) were in the control group, and 53 (49.54%) were in the study group using dydrogesterone. Age, body mass index, gravida, parity and abortion numbers, gestational weeks, and CRL values of the two groups were congruent. In the comparison-free B-hCG, PAPP-A and NT values of both groups, no statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of first-trimester test results and NT (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The use of dydrogesterone in first-trimester pregnancies does not affect first-trimester screening tests and nuchal translucency.
Keywords: Dydrogesterone; nuchal translucency; prenatal screening tests; threatened miscarriage.
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