Objective: To identify the preferred agent by comparing the therapeutic efficacy, degree of infarction, and side effects of polyvinyl alcohol particles (PVA) and tris-acryl gelatin embolization (TAGM) agents in uterine artery embolization.
Materials and methods: We included available articles comparing PVA with TAGM embolization agents in the management of fibroids. The primary outcomes included the decrease in uterine volume (%), decrease in dominant tumor volume (%), fibroid infarction rate, complete infarction fibroid, complications, pain score after 24 h, procedure time (minutes), duration of hospital stay, fluoroscopy time (minutes), and the change in symptom severity score.
Results: Eight articles that met our inclusion criteria were included in this study. Our analysis yielded an overall superiority of PVA compared to TAGM regarding complete fibroid infarction rate at the first 24 h. However, TAGM was better than PVA concerning <90% infarction rate outcome. While both embolization techniques showed similar effects regarding the change in symptom severity score, the percentage of decrease in uterine volume, percentage of decrease of dominant tumor volume, 90-99% infarction rate, complete infarction rate when assessed after the first 24 h, pain score after the first 24 h, procedure time, fluoroscopy time, minor, and major complications.
Conclusion: Both PVA and TAGM embolization agents are effective and safe modalities in treating patients with fibroids, with no significant variation of both agents in most outcomes.
Keywords: Polyvinyl alcohol particles; tris-acryl gelatin microspheres; uterine artery embolization; uterine fibroid.
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