Percutaneous Ablation, Osteoplasty, Reinforcement, and Internal Fixation for Pain and Ambulatory Function in Periacetabular Osteolytic Malignancies

Radiology. 2023 May;307(3):e221401. doi: 10.1148/radiol.221401. Epub 2023 Mar 14.


Background Osteolytic neoplasms to periacetabular bone frequently cause pain and fractures. Immediate recovery is integral to lifesaving ambulatory oncologic care and maintaining quality of life. Yet, open acetabular reconstructive surgeries are associated with numerous complications that delay cancer treatments. Purpose To determine the effectiveness for short- and long-term pain and ambulatory function following percutaneous ablation, osteoplasty, reinforcement, and internal fixation (AORIF) for periacetabular osteolytic neoplasm. Materials and Methods This retrospective observational study evaluated clinical data from 50 patients (mean age, 65 years ± 14 [SD]; 25 men, 25 women) with osteolytic periacetabular metastases or myeloma. The primary outcome of combined pain and ambulatory function index score (range, 1 [bedbound] through 10 [normal ambulation]) was assessed before and after AORIF at 2 weeks and then every 3 months up to 40 months (overall median follow-up, 11 months [IQR, 4-14 months]). Secondary outcomes included Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, infection, transfusion, 30-day readmission, mortality, and conversion hip arthroplasty. Serial radiographs and CT images were obtained to assess the hip joint integrity. The paired t test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to analyze data. Results Mean combined pain and ambulatory function index scores improved from 4.5 ± 2.4 to 7.8 ± 2.1 (P < .001) and median ECOG scores from 3 (IQR, 2-4) to 1 (IQR, 1-2) (P < .001) at the first 2 weeks after AORIF. Of 22 nonambulatory patients, 19 became ambulatory on their first post-AORIF visit. Pain and functional improvement were retained beyond 1 year, up to 40 months after AORIF in surviving patients. No hardware failures, surgical site infections, readmissions, or delays in care were identified following AORIF. Of 12 patients with protrusio acetabuli, one patient required a conversion hemiarthroplasty at 24 months. Conclusion The ablation, osteoplasty, reinforcement, and internal fixation, or AORIF, technique was effective for short- and long-term improvement of pain and ambulatory function in patients with periacetabular osteolytic neoplasm. © RSNA, 2023.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Catheter Ablation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasms*
  • Osteotomy / methods
  • Quality of Life
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome