Comprehensive Genomic Profiling of NF2-Mutated Kidney Tumors Reveals Potential Targets for Therapy

Oncologist. 2023 Jul 5;28(7):e508-e519. doi: 10.1093/oncolo/oyad040.


Genomic alterations (GA) in NF2 tumor-suppressor gene have been associated with aggressive behavior in kidney tumors. We used comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) to evaluate the frequencies of NF2 GA in histologic subtypes of kidney tumors and co-occurring GA in other genes and biomarkers. Advanced kidney tumors included 1875 clear cell (ccRCC), 405 papillary (pRCC), 108 chromophobe (chRCC), 171 sarcomatoid (sRCC), 61 collecting duct (cdRCC), 49 medullary (mRCC), 134 unclassified (uRCC), 906 urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis (UC), and 147 Wilms tumors underwent hybrid-capture based CGP to evaluate all classes of GA. 192 (4.9%) of kidney tumors featured NF2 GA which were predominantly structural variant mutations (89%), followed by copy number alterations (9%). Gender and age were similar between NF2-mutant (NF2mut) and NF2-wild type (NF2wt) cohorts with male preponderance. NF2 GA frequency was highest in cdRCC (30%), sRCC (21%), uRCC (15%), and pRCC (12%) while lowest in ccRCC (3%), UC (3%) Wilms tumor (1%), and chRCC (0%). NF2 mutational status was associated with loss of Ch 22 (P < .001). NF2mut RCC harbored co-occurring GA including CDKN2A, CDKN2B, SETD2, and BAP1. VHL, PBRM1, PTEN, and FGFR3 GA were significantly more frequent in NF2wt than in NF2mut tumors. MTOR pathway GAs were uncommon in NF2mut tumors. No NF2 mutated RCC featured MSI-high or high TMB. sRCC was associated with high PD-L1 expression. PD-L1 SP142 tumoral (P = .04) and immune cells (P = .013) were more frequent in NF2mut as compared to NF2wt group. Among histologic subtypes of RCC, cdRCC, sRCC, pRCC, and uRCC are enriched in NF2 GA. Co-occurrent GA in CDKN2A/B, SETD2, and BAP1 may represent potential therapeutic targets. Higher level of PD-L1 expression in NF2mut cohort suggests that these tumors might be sensitive to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapies.

Keywords: NF2; PD-L1; comprehensive genomic profiling; genomic alteration; kidney tumors; renal cell carcinoma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • B7-H1 Antigen
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell*
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Male
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms*


  • B7-H1 Antigen