Task matters: Individual MEG signatures from naturalistic and neurophysiological brain states

Neuroimage. 2023 May 1:271:120021. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2023.120021. Epub 2023 Mar 13.


The discovery that human brain connectivity data can be used as a "fingerprint" to identify a given individual from a population, has become a burgeoning research area in the neuroscience field. Recent studies have identified the possibility to extract these brain signatures from the temporal rich dynamics of resting-state magneto encephalography (MEG) recordings. Nevertheless, it is still uncertain to what extent MEG signatures can serve as an indicator of human identifiability during task-related conduct. Here, using MEG data from naturalistic and neurophysiological tasks, we show that identification improves in tasks relative to resting-state, providing compelling evidence for a task dependent axis of MEG signatures. Notably, improvements in identifiability were more prominent in strictly controlled tasks. Lastly, the brain regions contributing most towards individual identification were also modified when engaged in task activities. We hope that this investigation advances our understanding of the driving factors behind brain identification from MEG signals.

Keywords: Brain fingerprinting; Brain state; Functional connectivity; MEG; Resting state; Task.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain / physiology
  • Brain Mapping
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Magnetoencephalography*
  • Neurophysiology