Colorectal liver metastases patients prognostic assessment: prospects and limits of radiomics and radiogenomics

Infect Agent Cancer. 2023 Mar 16;18(1):18. doi: 10.1186/s13027-023-00495-x.


In this narrative review, we reported un up-to-date on the role of radiomics to assess prognostic features, which can impact on the liver metastases patient treatment choice. In the liver metastases patients, the possibility to assess mutational status (RAS or MSI), the tumor growth pattern and the histological subtype (NOS or mucinous) allows a better treatment selection to avoid unnecessary therapies. However, today, the detection of these features require an invasive approach. Recently, radiomics analysis application has improved rapidly, with a consequent growing interest in the oncological field. Radiomics analysis allows the textural characteristics assessment, which are correlated to biological data. This approach is captivating since it should allow to extract biological data from the radiological images, without invasive approach, so that to reduce costs and time, avoiding any risk for the patients. Several studies showed the ability of Radiomics to identify mutational status, tumor growth pattern and histological type in colorectal liver metastases. Although, radiomics analysis in a non-invasive and repeatable way, however features as the poor standardization and generalization of clinical studies results limit the translation of this analysis into clinical practice. Clear limits are data-quality control, reproducibility, repeatability, generalizability of results, and issues related to model overfitting.

Keywords: Growth pattern; K-Ras mutation; Liver metastasis; Mucinous histological subtypes; Radiomics.

Publication types

  • Review