Background Patients with stage 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 2 diabetes have limited treatment options to reduce their persistent cardiovascular and kidney risk. In FIDELITY, a prespecified pooled analysis of FIDELIO-DKD and FIGARO-DKD, finerenone improved heart-kidney outcomes in participants with CKD and type 2 diabetes. Methods This FIDELITY subgroup analysis investigated the effects of finerenone in participants with stage 4 CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <30 ml/min/1.73 m2). Efficacy outcomes included a cardiovascular composite (cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or hospitalization for heart failure) and a kidney composite (kidney failure, sustained ≥57% decrease in eGFR from baseline, or kidney disease death). Results Of 13,023 participants, 890 (7%) had stage 4 CKD. The hazard ratio for risk of cardiovascular composite outcome with finerenone versus placebo was 0.78 (95% confidence interval 0.57-1.07). The kidney composite outcome proportional hazards assumption was not met for the overall study period, with a protective effect only shown up to 2 years, after which the direction of association was inconsistent and an observed loss of precision over time incurred on finerenone versus placebo risk differences. Nonetheless, albuminuria and rate of eGFR decline were consistently reduced with finerenone versus placebo. Adverse events were balanced between treatment arms. Hyperkalemia was the most common AE reported (stage 4 CKD: 26% and 13% for finerenone versus placebo, respectively) however, the incidence of hyperkalemia leading to permanent discontinuation was low (stage 4 CKD: 3% and 2% for finerenone versus placebo, respectively). Conclusions The cardiovascular benefits and safety profile of finerenone in participants with stage 4 CKD were consistent with the overall FIDELITY population; this was also the case for albuminuria and the rate of eGFR decline. The effects on the composite kidney outcome were not consistent over time.
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