The relationship of the posterior iliac interval and the S1 screw trajectory

J Clin Neurosci. 2023 May:111:32-36. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2023.02.006. Epub 2023 Mar 15.

Abstract

Introduction: Surgical fixation is widely practised in the management of spinal deformity. S1 screws are commonly incorporated in lumbosacral fusions and can be performed in both open and percutaneous techniques. However, their entry point is determined by the position of the pedicle as well as the posterior iliac interval (PII), as it creates an impedance for screw angulation. A wider angle screw has the potential to achieve a greater length and thus strength versus a narrow screw angle insertion due to risk of anterior breach.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of 50 consecutive patients between July 2018 andDecember 2021 undergoing lumbo-sacral fusion with include S1 screw insertion from a single institution and surgeon. The age, screw angles, and the posterior iliac intervals were measured.

Results: The patients ranged from age 27 to 83 years old (mean 64.7) with a posterior iliac interval (PII) ranging from 7.76 to 12.62 cm (mean 10.24) and the average S1 screw angle on the right was 76.01 degrees (range 59.37 to 88.48) and on the left 74.37 degrees (range 59.75 to 87.47 degrees). Applying the Pearson Correlation co-efficient, a wider PII correlated with a more angulated screw entry (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: As expected, a wider PPI is significantly associated with a more angulated S1 screw trajectory and may have implication on patient biomechanics in lumbo-sacral fusion constructs.

Keywords: Pedicle screw trajectory; Posterior iliac interval; S1 screw.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bone Screws
  • Humans
  • Ilium / diagnostic imaging
  • Ilium / surgery
  • Lumbar Vertebrae* / diagnostic imaging
  • Lumbar Vertebrae* / surgery
  • Lumbosacral Region / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sacrum / diagnostic imaging
  • Sacrum / surgery
  • Spinal Fusion* / methods