Omics-based approaches for the systematic profiling of mitochondrial biology

Mol Cell. 2023 Mar 16;83(6):911-926. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2023.02.015.


Mitochondria are essential for cellular functions such as metabolism and apoptosis. They dynamically adapt to the changing environmental demands by adjusting their protein, nucleic acid, metabolite, and lipid contents. In addition, the mitochondrial components are modulated on different levels in response to changes, including abundance, activity, and interaction. A wide range of omics-based approaches has been developed to be able to explore mitochondrial adaptation and how mitochondrial function is compromised in disease contexts. Here, we provide an overview of the omics methods that allow us to systematically investigate the different aspects of mitochondrial biology. In addition, we show examples of how these methods have provided new biological insights. The emerging use of these toolboxes provides a more comprehensive understanding of the processes underlying mitochondrial function.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acclimatization*
  • Biology
  • Mitochondria* / genetics
  • Mitochondria* / metabolism