Objective: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) severely affects patient activity, and may cause disability. However, no clinical treatment is available to reverse the disease course. The combination of CRISPR/Cas9 and iPSCs may have therapeutic potential against nervous diseases, such as CMT.
Methods: In the present study, the skin fibroblasts of CMT type 2D (CMT2D) patients with the c.880G>A heterozygous nucleotide mutation in the GARS gene were reprogrammed into iPSCs using three plasmids (pCXLE-hSK, pCXLE-hUL and pCXLE-hOCT3/4-shp5-F). Then, CRISPR/Cas9 technology was used to repair the mutated gene sites at the iPSC level.
Results: An iPSC line derived from the GARS (G294R) family with fibular atrophy was successfully induced, and the mutated gene loci were repaired at the iPSC level using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. These findings lay the foundation for future research on drug screening and cell therapy.
Conclusion: iPSCs can differentiate into different cell types, and originate from autologous cells. Therefore, they are promising for the development of autologous cell therapies for degenerative diseases. The combination of CRISPR/Cas9 and iPSCs may open a new avenue for the treatment of nervous diseases, such as CMT.
Keywords: CRISPR/Cas9; Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease; GARS; gene therapy; iPSCs.
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