Multipurpose ultrasonographic characteristics of primary uveal MALT lymphoma

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2023 Aug;261(8):2383-2394. doi: 10.1007/s00417-022-05958-2. Epub 2023 Mar 18.


Purpose: To investigate the ultrasonographic features in patients with primary uveal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma.

Methods: Medical records of 12 patients (13 eyes) diagnosed with primary uveal MALT lymphoma between September 2014 and September 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Ultrasonography, B-scan ultrasonography, color Doppler flow imaging, and ultrasound biomicroscopy findings were retrieved from the medical records.

Results: Mean age of the included patients was 59.4 ± 8.6 years. Typical ultrasonographic features of the choroidal infiltrates were flat, diffuse, and thickened, with low and homogenous internal reflectivity and with rich arterial blood flow from posterior ciliary arterioles. The mean thickness of the choroidal infiltrates was 1.34 ± 0.68 mm (n = 13). Most of the affected eyes had posterior episcleral extensions, with a mean thickness of 1.66 ± 1.21 mm (n = 12). Typical crescent-like posterior episcleral extensions were detected in nine eyes (69.2%). In six eyes, the blood flow from the choroidal infiltrates communicated with the episcleral extensions. In the ciliary body, the mean thickness of the infiltrates was 1.08 ± 0.43 mm (n = 9), and seven eyes (77.8%) had 360° ring-like infiltrations. The initial best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was significantly correlated with the final BCVA after treatment (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Multipurpose ultrasonographic imaging revealed the unique characteristics of the primary uveal MALT lymphoma and is helpful in the diagnosis of this rare disease.

Keywords: Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma; Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue; Ultrasonography; Uveal lymphoma.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Ciliary Body / pathology
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone*
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography
  • Uvea / pathology