Second Version of the Prostate Cancer Molecular Imaging Standardized Evaluation Framework Including Response Evaluation for Clinical Trials (PROMISE V2)

Eur Urol. 2023 May;83(5):405-412. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2023.02.002. Epub 2023 Mar 17.


Context: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeting positron emission tomography (PET) is emerging to become a reference imaging tool for the staging and restaging of patients with prostate cancer for both clinical routine and trials. The prostate cancer molecular imaging standardized evaluation (PROMISE) criteria have been proposed as a framework for whole-body staging (molecular imaging TNM staging, denoted miTNM staging) to describe the prostate cancer disease extent on PSMA-PET.

Objective: To create a comprehensive and integrated framework for PSMA-PET image interpretation and reporting.

Evidence acquisition: We propose the PROMISE V2 framework, which integrates an updated miTNM system, improved assessment of local disease, and a slightly modified PSMA-expression score for clinical routine. We have added a response monitoring framework defining qualitative and quantitative parameters to be recorded for a longitudinal assessment in clinical trials.

Evidence synthesis: We provide a comprehensive literature review on the current use of the PROMISE framework in clinical research and prospective trials. PROMISE variables demonstrate a clear association with survival. PSMA expression assessed by the PSMA-expression score was used in several trials, and a low PSMA-expression score is a negative prognosticator of overall survival after 177Lu-PSMA radioligand therapy. The proposed imaging parameters recorded for response assessment in clinical trials can be utilized to determine response according to PSMA-PET progression (PPP) or Response Evaluation Criteria in PSMA-PET/Computed Tomography (RECIP) frameworks, but also future response criteria.

Conclusions: PROMISE V2 offers standardized reporting of disease extent for clinical routine and research. Parameters recorded within clinical trials facilitate objective response assessment.

Patient summary: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeting positron emission tomography (PET) has become a standard imaging examination for prostate cancer. We propose a comprehensive framework for the analysis and reporting of PSMA-PET findings that will improve the communication between imaging experts and uro-oncologists.

Keywords: PSMA-RADS; Prostate cancer; Prostate cancer molecular imaging standardized evaluation; Prostate-specific membrane antigen targeting positron emission tomography.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gallium Radioisotopes
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Imaging
  • Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography / methods
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostatic Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Prostatic Neoplasms* / metabolism
  • Prostatic Neoplasms* / therapy


  • Gallium Radioisotopes