Prognostic Assessment and Risk Stratification in Patients With Postoperative Major Salivary Acinar Cell Carcinoma

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2023 May;168(5):1119-1129. doi: 10.1002/ohn.195. Epub 2023 Jan 22.


Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of postoperative major salivary acinar cell carcinoma (MSACC) and develop a prognostic model.

Study design: Retrospective cohort analysis of a public database.

Setting: Patients with MSACC were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (1975-2019).

Methods: Overall survival (OS) was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier curves and a log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to explore independent prognostic factors. The prognostic model was constructed using screened variables and further visualized with a nomogram and web calculator, and assessed by concordance index, the area under the curve, calibration curve, and decision-making curve analysis.

Results: An upward trend in the incidence of MSACC was observed throughout the study period. A total of 1398 patients were enrolled (training cohort: 978; validation cohort: 420), and the 5- and 10-year OS rates were 97.7% and 81.6%, respectively. Age, marital status, sex, histological grade, T stage, and lymph node status were identified as prognostic factors for OS. A novel nomogram was developed and showed excellent discrimination and clinical applicability. Additionally, a web calculator was designed to dynamically predict patient survival. Based on the nomogram-based score, a risk stratification system was constructed to distinguish patients with different risks. The OS of high-risk patients was significantly lower than that of the low-risk subgroup.

Conclusion: Long-term survival in postoperative MSACC was influenced by 6 prognostic factors. The proposed model enables individualized survival prediction and risk stratification, prompting us to be vigilant in high-risk subgroups and consider timely adjustment of subsequent treatment.

Keywords: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results; acinar cell carcinoma; major salivary gland carcinoma; nomogram; prognosis; risk stratification.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Acinar Cell* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Nomograms
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment