Background: Several genioplasty techniques can narrow the width of the chin. Nevertheless, patients with a broad and short chin who received these methods were unsatisfied with the outcomes. The goal of this study was to analyze the clinical outcomes of modified M-shaped genioplasty for broad, flat and short chin deformity.
Methods: Thirty-eight patients with broad, flat and short chins were included in this study from January 2019 to December 2021. The preoperative design was performed individually according to the data of the chin and the patient's desire of final chin shape. Narrowing and vertical elongating genioplasty was performed for all the patients with modified M-shaped genioplasty under general anesthesia according to the preoperative designs. All patients have completed the FACE-Q preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. The results were evaluated by clinical appearances and FACE-Q scores.
Results: The vertical lengthening of the chin was 2-5 mm, with an average of 3.02 mm. The horizontal narrowing width was 3-6 mm, with an average of 5.6 mm. FACE-Q scores in satisfaction with the chin increased significantly from 35.34 ± 9.57 to 72.95 ± 6.81. There were no severe complications took place during the time frame of 3-24 months postoperatively.
Conclusions: The modified M-shaped genioplasty preserved the bone structure in the midsymphyseal area and suprahyoid muscular attachments as far as possible, and the bone segments may be repositioned quickly. This technique produced reliable and esthetically satisfying results in correcting a short, flat and broad chin, with altered vertical length, slope, width and protrusion three-dimensionally.
Level of evidence iv: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .
Keywords: Broad chin; Genioplasty; Mandible; Short chin.
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