Cross-sectional imaging findings of cardiac outpouchings

Diagn Interv Radiol. 2023 Jan 31;29(1):68-79. doi: 10.4274/dir.2022.221419. Epub 2023 Jan 2.


A cardiac outpouching (CO) is a protrusion in a heart chamber's internal anatomical lining. Most COs are clinically insignificant, but some are of vital importance, requiring immediate surgery. Cross-sectional imaging findings of COs, such as location, morphology, size, and accompanying wall motion abnormalities, play an essential role in determining the correct diagnosis and appropriate clinical management. Therefore, radiologists should be familiar with them. This article reviews the key cross-sectional imaging findings and differential diagnoses of COs.

Keywords: Aneurysm; cardiac catheterization; computed topography angiography; congenital heart disease; coronary artery disease; diagnosis, diverticulum; echocardiogram; embolism; magnetic resonance imaging; outpouching; pericardial; pseudoaneurysm; three-dimensional; ventricles.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Heart / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Aneurysm* / diagnosis
  • Heart Aneurysm* / surgery
  • Heart Ventricles
  • Humans