Role of T2 mapping of magnetic resonance imaging in the differentiation of endometrial cancer and benign endometrial lesions

Diagn Interv Radiol. 2023 Jan 31;29(1):183-189. doi: 10.4274/dir.2021.21884. Epub 2022 Dec 28.


Purpose: The T2 mapping of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in endometrial cancer (EC), benign endometrial lesions (BELs), and normal endometrium (NE) has rarely been reported. This study aimed to determine the T2 values of MRI in EC, BELs, and NE to investigate whether the T2 values can differentiate them and to assess the aggressiveness of EC.

Methods: In total, 73 patients [EC, 51 (age, 57.4 ± 5.4 years); BELs, 22 (age, 57.8 ± 11.8 years)] and 23 normal volunteers (age, 56.1 ± 6.6 years) were included. The T2 values of MRI of the EC (type I and II), BEL, and NE groups were described and compared. The relationships between the T2 values of MRI in EC and the pathological characteristics [International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage and grade] were analyzed.

Results: The median T2 values of NE, BEL, and EC were 197.5 (142.9-324.0) ms, 131.1 (103.2-247.9) ms, and 103.0 (71.6-243.5) ms (P < 0.001), respectively. The median T2 values of type I and type II EC were 100.8 (71.62-130.44) ms and 125.7 (119.7-243.5) ms, respectively. There were significant differences in the T2 values among the NE, BEL, type I EC, and type II EC groups (P < 0.001) except for between the type II EC and BEL groups (P = 0.938). The T2 value of MRI in type I EC was significantly lower than that in type II EC (P = 0.001). There were no significant differences in patients with type I EC having different FIGO stages (P = 0.273) or tumor grades (P = 0.686).

Conclusion: T2 mapping of MRI has the potential to quantitatively differentiate between EC, BELs, and NE as well as between type I and type II EC.

Keywords: Benign; MRI; T2 mapping; T2 value; benign endometrium lesions; endometrial cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Endometrial Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Endometrial Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Middle Aged