A novel pupilloplasty in crescent-shaped suturing pattern for coloboma and traumatic iris defects

BMC Ophthalmol. 2023 Mar 24;23(1):119. doi: 10.1186/s12886-023-02853-0.


Objective: PURPOSE: To observe the safety and effect of the C-pupilloplasty for the treatment of iris coloboma and traumatic iris defects.

Methods: A total of 21 cases (21 eyes) with iris coloboma or traumatic iris defects who underwent C-pupilloplasty (a single-pass three-throw technique) from Feb. 2016 to Mar. 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Uncorrected visual acuity, refraction, corneal topographic keratometry and endothelial cell density were examined.

Results: All the patients were successfully treated, and a central and round pupil was restored. The mean follow-up duration was 8.76 ± 3.58 months (ranging from 2 to 14 months). All patients had round or round-like pupils with a diameter less than or equal to 3 mm after the C-pupilloplasty. Very slightly endothelial loss, negligible symptoms such as glare, distortion, dizziness and photophobia were observed.

Conclusion: We introduced a new technique of pupilloplasty (C-pupilloplasty) which could be a more straight forward and more effective treatment for iris coloboma and traumatic iris defect.

Keywords: Coloboma; Crescent; Iris defect; Pupilloplasty.

MeSH terms

  • Coloboma* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Iris / surgery
  • Iris Diseases* / surgery
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Pupil
  • Retrospective Studies