Hypertension (HTN) is a global health challenge and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Hypertension has a multifactorial course of evolution, with both genetic and environmental factors playing an important role. To date, a number of genes and pathways have been proposed to be associated with HTN, among which is Nitric Oxide pathway. NO levels can be regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide and post-transcriptional mechanisms, including sense-anti sense interactions. NOS3AS gene encodes an antisense RNA (sONE) which is complementary to NOS3 transcript in 662 nucleotides and may regulate NOS3 in a post-transcriptional manner. In this study, we sought to define the role of NOS3AS in the pathophysiology of essential HTN. A total of 131 cases with hypertension and 115 controls were enrolled in the study. Peripheral blood was drawn from all study participants after signing the informed consent form. Three variants (rs71539868, rs12666075 and rs7830) were investigated by Tetra-ARMS PCR method. The results were then statistically analyzed. We found statistically significant association between rs7830 TT genotype, rs12666075 GT and TT genotypes with susceptibility to HTN. We failed to observe association between rs71539868 and susceptibility to HTN. The present study showed a strong association between NOS3AS variants and susceptibility to hypertension in the population of Kermanshah province. Our results may shed more light on the mechanisms of disease development and may also help to better identify genetic predispositions and individuals at risk.
Keywords: Essential hypertension; Genetics; NOS3AS; Nitric Oxide pathway; sONE.
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