Grandmothers residing with grandchildren: Social determinants of health, health behaviors, and health outcomes

J Women Aging. 2023 Nov-Dec;35(6):513-525. doi: 10.1080/08952841.2023.2188863. Epub 2023 Mar 28.


The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between social determinants of health, health behaviors, and physical and mental health among African American and Hispanic caregiving grandmothers. We use cross-sectional secondary data from the Chicago Community Adult Health Study, originally designed to understand the health of individual households based on residential context. In a multivariate regression model, discrimination, parental stress, and physical health problems were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in caregiving grandmothers. Considering the multiple sources of stress experienced by this grandmother sample, researchers should develop and strengthen contextually relevant interventions for improving the health of caregiving grandmothers. Healthcare providers must be equipped with skills to address caregiving grandmothers' unique needs related to stress. Finally, policy makers should promote the development of legislation that can positively influence caregiving grandmothers and their families. Expanding the lens through which caregiving grandmothers living in minoritized communities are viewed can catalyze meaningful change.

Keywords: Grandmothers; mental health; social determinants of health.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Grandparents* / psychology
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Intergenerational Relations
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Social Determinants of Health