A series of S-alkyl substituted thioglycolurils was prepared through the alkylation of corresponding thioglycolurils with halogenoalkanes and tested for their fungicidal activity against six phytopathogenic fungi from different taxonomic classes: Venturia inaequalis, Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium moniliforme, Bipolaris sorokiniana, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, and two pathogenic yeasts: Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii. A number of S-alkyl substituted thioglycolurils exhibited high activity against Venturia inaequalis and Rhizoctonia solani (85-100% mycelium growth inhibition), and moderate activity against other phytopathogens. S-Ethyl substituted thioglycolurils possessed a high activity against Candida albicans. Additionally, the hemolytic and cytotoxic properties of promising derivatives were determined using human red blood cells and human embryonic kidney cells, respectively. Two S-ethyl derivatives possessed both low cytotoxicity against normal human cells and high fungicidal activity against Candida albicans.
Keywords: Candida albicans; S-alkyl thioglycolurils; fungicidal activity; phytopathogenic fungi; tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d]imidazol-2(1H)-ones; thioglycolurils.