Analysis was made of 20 patients with endobronchial tuberculosis proven by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchial biopsy. Unlike prechemotherapy reports, the disease affects the older age group and more men. Only one half of the patients had fever, and the characteristic localized wheeze was found in 15 percent of cases. Chest roentgenogram showed typical collapse-consolidation in most cases; however, it was clear in 20 percent of patients. Sputum/smear was negative for AFB in 85 percent of patients. When the gelatinous granulation tissue was not found during bronchoscopy, a diagnosis of bronchogenic carcinoma was made incorrectly in 30 percent of patients. At a mean period of 27 months postchemotherapy, all 12 patients recalled for study developed bronchostenosis proven by bronchoscopy/bronchography except one. Noninvasive methods such as chest roentgenogram and flow-volume loops were insensitive for detection of stenosis. Steroid therapy probably did not influence outcome of tuberculous endobronchitis.