Recent Advances in Melanoma Diagnosis and Prognosis Using Machine Learning Methods

Curr Oncol Rep. 2023 Jun;25(6):635-645. doi: 10.1007/s11912-023-01407-3. Epub 2023 Mar 31.


Purpose of review: The purpose was to summarize the current role and state of artificial intelligence and machine learning in the diagnosis and management of melanoma.

Recent findings: Deep learning algorithms can identify melanoma from clinical, dermoscopic, and whole slide pathology images with increasing accuracy. Efforts to provide more granular annotation to datasets and to identify new predictors are ongoing. There have been many incremental advances in both melanoma diagnostics and prognostic tools using artificial intelligence and machine learning. Higher quality input data will further improve these models' capabilities.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Deep learning; Dermoscopy; Digital pathology; Machine Learning; Melanoma.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Dermoscopy / methods
  • Humans
  • Machine Learning
  • Melanoma* / diagnosis
  • Melanoma* / pathology
  • Prognosis
  • Skin Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Skin Neoplasms* / pathology