microRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA sequences that negatively regulate the expression of protein-encoding genes at the post-transcriptional level. They play a role in the regulation of inflammatory responses by controlling the proliferation and activation of immune cells and their expression is disrupted in several immune-mediated inflammatory disorders. Among these, autoinflammatory diseases (AID) are a group of rare hereditary disorders caused by abnormal activation of the innate immune system and characterized by recurrent fevers. Major groups of AID are inflammasomopathies, which are associated with hereditary defects in the activation of inflammasomes, cytosolic multiprotein signaling complexes regulating IL-1 family cytokine maturation and pyroptosis. The study of the role of miRNAs in AID is only recently emerging and remains scarce in inflammasomopathies. In this review, we describe the AID and inflammasomopathies, and the current knowledge on the role of miRNAs in disease processes.
Keywords: Autoinflammatory diseases; Caspase-1; FMF, IL-1; Inflammasome; miRNAs.
Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.