8-Prenyl daidzein and 8-prenyl genistein from germinated soybean modulate inflammatory response in activated macrophages

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2023 Jun 23;87(7):747-757. doi: 10.1093/bbb/zbad041.


Soy isoflavones have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties; however, the anti-inflammatory effects of isoflavone metabolites produced during soybean germination remain unclear. We found that the daidzein and genistein derivatives, 8-prenyl daidzein (8-PD) and 8-prenyl genistein (8-PG), demonstrated a more potent effect than daidzein and genistein on repressing inflammatory responses in macrophages. Although IkB protein levels were unaltered, 8-PD and 8-PG repressed nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation, which was associated with reduced ERK1/2, JNK, and p38 MAPK activation and suppressed mitogen- and stress-activated kinase 1 phosphorylation. Inflammatory responses induced by the medium containing hypertrophic adipocyte secretions were successfully suppressed by 8-PD and 8-PG treatment. In the ex vivo study, 8-PD and 8-PG significantly inhibited proinflammatory C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) secretion from the adipose tissues of mice fed a long-term high-fat diet. The data suggest that 8-PD and 8-PG could regulate macrophage activation under obesity conditions.

Keywords: germinated soybean; inflammatory response; isoflavones; macrophages; obesity.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Genistein* / metabolism
  • Genistein* / pharmacology
  • Glycine max / metabolism
  • Isoflavones* / metabolism
  • Isoflavones* / pharmacology
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Mice


  • Genistein
  • daidzein
  • prenyl
  • Isoflavones
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents