Altered Expression of CYSLTR1 is Associated With Adverse Clinical Outcome in Triple Negative Breast Tumors: An In Silico Approach

Eur J Breast Health. 2023 Apr 1;19(2):148-158. doi: 10.4274/ejbh.galenos.2023.2022-12-10. eCollection 2023 Apr.


Objective: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) has high relapse rates due to dysregulated inflammatory signaling pathways and significant changes in the tumor microenvironment, probably influencing the failure of several therapies. The Cysteinyl Leukotriene Receptor 1 (CYSLTR1), a leukotriene modulator of inflammation, has been shown to play an important role in cancer pathogenesis and survival but few studies have been reported on its role in breast cancer.

Materials and methods: The present work was conducted using publicly available platforms that have omics data to assess the clinical potential of CYSLTR1 expression and its prognostic validation in large cohorts of samples from breast cancer patients. Web platforms containing clinical information, RNA-seq and protein data were selected to perform in silico analyses of the potential marker CYLSTR1. Added together, the platforms included modules for correlation, expression, prognosis, drug interactions, and construction of gene networks.

Results: Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that reduced levels of CYSLTR1 corresponded to an unfavorable outcome for overall survival (p<0.005) as well as relapse-free survival (p<0.001) in the basal subtype. Additionally, CYSLTR1 was downregulated in breast tumor samples compared to adjacent healthy tissue (p<0.01) and the basal subtype exhibited the lowest expression of CYSLTR1 relative to the other subtypes (p<0.0001). Furthermore, gene networking analysis showed strong associations of CYSLTR1 with two protein-coding genes (P2RY10 and XCR1) when tested on a TNBC dataset.

Conclusion: Our data highlighted the relevance of CYSLTR1 since it may play an important role in TNBC therapy. However, further in vitro and in vivo studies should be directed towards validating our findings in an effort to improve our understanding of TNBC pathology.

Keywords: CYSLTR1; leukotriene; mediators of inflammation; triple-negative breast cancer.