Novel insights on GTPBP3-associated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Am J Med Genet A. 2023 Jul;191(7):1804-1813. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.63205. Epub 2023 Apr 7.


About 100 genes have been associated with cardiomyopathies with genotype-phenotype correlations often hard to establish. Genetic testing may help to confirm the genetic diagnosis and assess the risk of inheritance in the family. A 25-year old male with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and fasciculoventricular accessory pathway was referred for genetic testing by his cardiologist. Targeted PRKAG2 screening and whole-exome sequencing were performed, followed by Sanger sequencing segregation analysis in the family. The PRKAG2 gene screening was negative. Whole-exome sequencing revealed the following four variants in the patient: c.181G>C (p.Ala61Pro) and c.1199C>T (p.Thr400Met) in the GTPBP3 gene, as well as c.752C>T (p.Thr251Ile) and c.1760C>T (p.Pro587Leu) in the POLG gene. Family segregation analysis showed that the patient's mother is a carrier of variant c.181G>C and the patient's paternal grandmother is a carrier of variant c.1199C>T in the GTPBP3 gene, which is in accordance with an autosomal recessive model of inheritance of the disease. Both variants in the POLG are found paternally inherited in the patient's healthy half-brother, thus are not considered disease-causing. GTPBP3 variants have been reported in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, associated with combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 23. These novel variants represent the probable cause of the observed clinical symptoms in the patient.

Keywords: GTPBP3; genetic testing; hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; whole-exome sequencing.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomyopathies* / genetics
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic* / diagnosis
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic* / genetics
  • Exome Sequencing
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Genetic Testing
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Pedigree


  • GTPBP3 protein, human
  • GTP-Binding Proteins