Infectious Complications and Antibiotic Use in Gastroschisis

Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2023 Jun;24(5):405-413. doi: 10.1089/sur.2022.397. Epub 2023 Apr 10.


Background: Gastroschisis is a challenging neonatal condition often with prolonged hospitalizations, need for parenteral nutrition, infectious complications, and can even result in death. Infection is reported to occur in up to two-thirds of patients with gastroschisis and is a strong risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality. Increased days with a central venous catheter, complex gastroschisis, and delayed abdominal wall closure have been consistently found to be associated with increased risk of infection, whereas sutureless gastroschisis closure has been associated with fewer infections. Although one of the most common complications of gastroschisis is infection, the use of antibiotic agents varies widely with variability in the literature to guide management. Antibiotic usage should be selective and short-term, especially in neonates with simple gastroschisis regardless of method for abdominal wall closure. Conclusions: Future initiatives should focus on development of evidence-based guidelines on the care of these patients with the goal of reducing variability and improve outcomes within and across institutions.

Keywords: antibiotic use; antimicrobial; gastroschisis; infection; pediatric.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gastroschisis* / complications
  • Gastroschisis* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Parenteral Nutrition
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome