Fiji-Assisted Automatic Quantitative Volumetric Analysis of Choroidal Neovascularization in a Laser-Induced Choroidal Neovascularization Mouse Model

Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2023 Apr 3;12(4):10. doi: 10.1167/tvst.12.4.10.


Purpose: The laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) mouse model is the most frequently used animal model of CNV. To test new therapeutic agents that suppress CNV, CNV measurement in an accurate, precise, and efficient manner is important. We present the utility of Fiji-assisted automatic volumetric quantification of CNV in comparison with two-dimensional CNV analyses.

Methods: Laser-induced CNV was induced in C57BL/6J mice according to the established protocol. After CNV induction, mice were treated with intravitreal injection of either phosphate-buffered saline solution (PBS) or Aflibercept, an anti- vascular endothelial growth factor agent. One week after intravitreal injection treatment, retina pigment epithelium/choroid flat mounts were stained with rhodamine-conjugated Griffonia simplicifolia lectin B4. Z-stacks of the entire CNV lesion obtained using laser confocal microscopy were converted to binary stacks using Fiji for volumetric analysis. Data from volumetric analysis and multiple area analyses from z-stack projection, the maximum, blindly selected, and mean area were compared using Fiji.

Results: Fiji-assisted automatic quantitative volumetric analysis of CNV was useful in detecting experimental outliers in laser-induced CNV genesis and provided accurate and precise measurements of total areas of CNV with a lower coefficient of variance (63%) than in multiple area analyses, including the z-stack projection, maximum, blindly selected, and mean areas (67%, 67%, 76%, and 69%, respectively). A lower coefficient of variance in volumetric analysis than in multiple area analyses resulted in increased statistical significance when comparing CNV lesions in PBS, and Aflibercept-treated groups; P = 0.004 in volumetric analysis versus P value range between 0.03 and 0.05 in multiple area analyses.

Conclusions: Fiji-assisted automatic quantitative volumetric analysis can be useful for accurate, precise, and efficient measurements of total areas of CNV.

Translational relevance: Volumetric measurement for CNV lesions can be advantageous in verifying the efficacy of therapeutic agents in the laser-induced CNV mouse model.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Choroidal Neovascularization* / drug therapy
  • Choroidal Neovascularization* / etiology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Fiji
  • Fluorescein Angiography / methods
  • Lasers
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A* / therapeutic use


  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A