Surgical repair of the anomalous aortic origin of the coronary arteries: a single-center experience

Cardiol Young. 2023 Sep;33(9):1700-1705. doi: 10.1017/S1047951123000860. Epub 2023 Apr 13.

Abstract

Objective: Anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly. The aim of this study was to present our experience with patients who underwent surgery for the anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery.

Methods: This was a retrospective review of our experience with patients who had anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery from 2019 to 2022.

Results: Seven patients were managed for anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery, including five males and two females. The median age of the patients were 16 years (IQR, 14.5-26 years). Five patients had anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery and two patients had anomalous aortic origin of the left coronary artery. Five patients were treated surgically, one patient refused surgical treatment despite myocardial ischaemia symptoms, and the other one was not operated because she had no symptoms. Two patients underwent pulmonary root anterior translocation and left main coronary artery unroofing procedure, one patient underwent right coronary artery unroofing procedure, one patient underwent pulmonary artery lateral translocation procedure, and the last patient underwent right coronary artery osteal translocation procedure. The post-operative mortality or myocardial infarction was not observed in any patient. Patients were followed for a median of 10 months (IQR, 6.75-20.5 months) after repair.

Conclusion: The data suggest that surgical repair of anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery can be performed confidently and can be very effective for relieving myocardial ischaemia symptoms. Different surgical techniques can be used in anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery according to the course and origin of the coronary arteries. To the our knowledge, pulmonary root anterior translocation and coronary artery unroofing procedure were performed for the first time in the literature.

Keywords: CHD; coronary artery disease; myocardial ischaemia.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aorta / surgery
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures* / methods
  • Coronary Vessel Anomalies* / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myocardial Infarction* / etiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult