Safety of oral propranolol for neonates with problematic infantile hemangioma: a retrospective study in an Asian population

Sci Rep. 2023 Apr 12;13(1):5956. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-33105-2.


Although the efficacy of propranolol in the treatment of infantile hemangioma (IH) has been well established, clinical data on the safety and tolerability of propranolol in neonates are still lacking. In this work, clinical data of 112 neonates with IH were analyzed retrospectively. All of the patients were evaluated in the hospital at the beginning of the treatment and later in outpatient settings during the treatment. Each time, the following monitoring methods were applied: physical examination, ultrasound echocardiography (UCG), electrocardiography (ECG), blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and basic laboratory tests including blood glucose (BG), liver function, blood potassium, thyroid function. There was a significant reduction in BP and HR at the initiation of treatment. The incidences of bradycardia and hypoglycemia were observed to be increased with the prolong duration of treatment, but not prolonged PR interval. During the course of the therapy, the risk of hyperkalemia and hypothyroidism was reached maximum at the 2 months and 3 months, respectively. Physical growth index including average height, weight and head circumference was not influenced by the treatment. The observed adverse effects were majority mild and only 3 patients needed to rest for 7 days due to severe diarrhea before restarting treatment. This study demonstrated that propranolol is safe and well-tolerated by properly selected young infants with IH. No serious adverse events were observed.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Hemangioma* / drug therapy
  • Hemangioma, Capillary* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Propranolol / adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skin Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Propranolol
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists