Placental transfusion for 30-60 s after delivery is recommended by numerous professional societies and is now a common practice. Numerous studies document neonatal benefit with minimal maternal risk when routine neonatal stabilization and active management of the third stage of labor are undertaken during the period of delayed cord clamping. Maternal outcomes do not show any increased incidence of postpartum hemorrhage, or need for blood product transfusion in the case of vaginal delivery or cesarean section. Fetomaternal hemorrhage is also likely decreased with delayed cord clamping. In the case of fetal anomalies, cord management should be individualized according to each special circumstance, but is unlikely to lead to increased maternal morbidity. While few studies have investigated maternal outcomes with umbilical cord milking, this practice has not been as widely adopted. With careful monitoring of maternal and fetal well-being, a period of placental transfusion following delivery is advised for benefit of the neonate without significant maternal risk.
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