Tectorigenin alleviates the apoptosis and inflammation in spinal cord injury cell model through inhibiting insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 6

Open Med (Wars). 2023 Apr 11;18(1):20230680. doi: 10.1515/med-2023-0680. eCollection 2023.


Since tectorigenin has been reported to possess anti-inflammation, redox balance restoration, and anti-apoptosis properties, we determine to unravel whether tectorigenin has potential in alleviating spinal cord injury (SCI). Herein, PC12 cells were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to establish in vitro SCI models. The cell viability and apoptosis were detected through cell counting kit-8 and flow cytometry assays. The caspase-3/8/9 content was measured by colorimetric method. Western blot was conducted to quantify the expressions of cleaved caspse-3/8/9, IGFBP6, TLR4, IκBα, p-IκBα, RELA proto-oncogene, p65, and p-p65. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction were carried out to quantitate expressions of IGFBP6, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). SwissTargetPrediction and GSE21497 database were utilized to predict the potential therapeutic targets of tectorigenin. Comparison of IGFBP6 expression in SCI tissues and normal tissues was analyzed by GEO2R. Our study found that LPS induced the declined cell viability, elevated cell apoptosis, upregulation of caspase-3/8/9, cleaved caspase-3/8/9, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, IGFBP6, and TLR4, and the activation of IκBα and p65 in PC12 cells. Tectorigenin reversed the above effects of LPS. IGFBP6 was predicted to be the potential therapeutic target of tectorigenin and was overexpressed in SCI tissues. Notably, IGFBP6 overexpression offset the effects of tectorigenin on PC12 cells. In conclusion, tectorigenin could alleviate the LPS-induced apoptosis, inflammation, and activation of NF-κB signaling in SCI cell models via inhibiting IGFBP6.

Keywords: IGFBP6; LPS; PC12; spinal cord injury; tectorigenin.