Penetrating keratoplasty in brittle Cornea syndrome: Case series and review of the literature

Eur J Ophthalmol. 2024 Jan;34(1):11-17. doi: 10.1177/11206721231171426. Epub 2023 Apr 18.

Abstract

It concerns three siblings (two 28 year old twin boys and a 25 year old woman) who presented a previous history of rupture of eyeball in one eye and very poor vision in the other. At the first ophthalmoscopic and instrumental evaluation, three patients presented with bluish sclera and keratoglobus in the intact eye. A genetic analysis with whole exome sequencing was then performed on the three siblings, identifying a biallelic variant of the PRDM5 gene that led to the diagnosis of Brittle Cornea Syndrome (BCS), a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by corneal thinning and blue sclera. To preserve the only intact eye from possible breakage, the three siblings were trained in using protective measures (polycarbonate goggles etc.) to carry out close monitoring of symptoms and were asked to continue with follow-up visits for ocular and systemic diseases associated with BCS. Given the poor best corrected visual acuity achievable with glasses and contact lenses, penetrating keratoplasty was performed, achieving good visual acuity maintained in the 2-year follow-up in two of the three patients. Knowledge of this pathology and its clinical manifestations is essential for early diagnosis and correct management of this rare but very debilitating pathology. To our knowledge, this is the first case series of BCS reported in an Albanian population.

Keywords: Brittle cornea syndrome; blue sclera; keratoglobus; keratoplasty.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cornea / pathology
  • Eye Abnormalities* / diagnosis
  • Eye Abnormalities* / genetics
  • Eye Abnormalities* / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability* / diagnosis
  • Joint Instability* / genetics
  • Joint Instability* / surgery
  • Keratoplasty, Penetrating
  • Male
  • Skin Abnormalities* / diagnosis
  • Skin Abnormalities* / genetics
  • Skin Abnormalities* / surgery

Supplementary concepts

  • Brittle cornea syndrome 1