Identification of key microRNAs regulating ELOVL6 and glioblastoma tumorigenesis

BBA Adv. 2023 Jan 22:3:100078. doi: 10.1016/j.bbadva.2023.100078. eCollection 2023.


ELOVL fatty acid elongase 6 (ELOVL6) controls cellular fatty acid (FA) composition by catalyzing the elongation of palmitate (C16:0) to stearate (C18:0) and palmitoleate (C16:1n-7) to vaccinate (C18:1n-7). Although the transcriptional regulation of ELOVL6 has been well studied, the post-transcriptional regulation of ELOVL6 is not fully understood. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating human ELOVL6. Bioinformatic analysis identified five putative miRNAs: miR-135b-5p, miR-135a-5p, miR-125a-5p, miR-125b-5p, and miR-22-3p, which potentially bind ELOVL6 3'-untranslated region (UTR). Results from dual-luciferase assays revealed that these miRNAs downregulate ELOVL6 by directly interacting with the 3'-UTR of ELOVL6 mRNA. Moreover, miR-135b-5p and miR-135a-5p suppress cell proliferation and migration in glioblastoma multiforme cells by inhibiting ELOVL6 at the mRNA and protein levels. Taken together, our results provide novel regulatory mechanisms for ELOVL6 at the post-transcriptional level and identify potential candidates for the treatment of patients with glioblastoma multiforme.

Keywords: Cell proliferation; Fatty acid; Glioblastoma; MicroRNA; Migration.