Modular Proximal Body Exchange for Re-Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty: Rarely Utilized and Moderately Successful

J Arthroplasty. 2023 Jul;38(7S):S229-S234.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2023.04.020. Epub 2023 Apr 20.


Background: Modular fluted tapered stems (MFTSs) are commonly used in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) and provide the option of exchanging the proximal modular portion to address future surgical problems without complete femoral revision. We are unaware of any data documenting the frequencies, indications, and outcomes of modular proximal body exchange in re-revision THA.

Methods: Between 1997 and 2019, we performed 57 modular proximal body exchanges among 8,079 revision THAs at our institution. Indications and outcomes were documented at a mean follow-up of 3.4 years (range, 0 to 12.8).

Results: Modular proximal body exchange was performed on 47 of 1,375 (3%) of MFTSs implanted. The indications for all 57 modular proximal body exchanges performed during the study period were dislocation in 30 (53%), partial resection for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in 13 (23%), modular junction failure in 8 (14%), surgical exposure in 4 (7%), and concurrently with trochanteric osteotomy nonunion fixation in 2 (4%). At the final follow-up, subsequent re-revisions occurred in 10 of 30 (33%) of modular proximal body exchanges indicated for dislocation and in 5 of 13 of those indicated for PJI. One modular junction subsequently fractured after modular proximal body exchange.

Conclusion: Modular proximal body exchange of a MFTS is an uncommon procedure most often performed for treatment of hip dislocation or PJI. It is moderately successful with approximately one-third of cases requiring subsequent re-revision. This procedure is often performed with modular component exchange alone, but can also be helpful to facilitate complex acetabular exposure. These data provide useful information to surgeons and patients undergoing this procedure.

Level of evidence: IV.

Keywords: dislocation; modular fluted tapered stem; modular proximal body exchange; periprosthetic joint infection (PJI); revision total hip arthroplasty (THA).

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / methods
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Joint Dislocations*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies