Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel coronavirus that causes an acute respiratory tract infection known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 enters cells by binding the ACE2 receptor and coreceptors notably TMPRSS2 or Cathepsin L. Severe COVID-19 infection can lead to acute lung injury. Below we describe the current evidence of the impact of common chronic lung diseases (CLDs) on the development of COVID-19. The impact of treatment of CLD on COVID-19 and any risk of vaccination in patients with CLD are considered.
Keywords: Asthma; COPD; COVID-19 susceptibility; Chronic lung disease; Cystic fibrosis; Interstitial lung disease; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Vaccination.
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