Different Cases, Different Manifestations of Post-COVID-19 Retinal Artery Occlusion: A Case Series

Turk J Ophthalmol. 2023 Apr 20;53(2):124-129. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2022.36930.


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a procoagulant disease that increases the risk of clinically evident thrombotic complications. Herein we present 3 cases with different retinal artery occlusions that emerged soon after the diagnosis of COVID-19. The first patient had central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) that resulted in visual loss in one eye. The second patient had inflammatory peripheral retinal artery occlusion, vasculitis, and uveitis which did not affect vision. The third patient presented with CRAO following the progression from orbital cellulitis to orbital apex syndrome. Interestingly, CRAO progressed to internal carotid artery occlusion in this case within days and resulted in monocular visual loss. Variations in the underlying pathophysiology and the characteristics of individual immune responses in patients with COVID-19 may be factors that determine differences in clinical manifestations. This article aims to describe different presentations of COVID-19-related retinal artery occlusions and discuss possible pathophysiological aspects.

Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; retinal artery occlusion.

MeSH terms

  • Blindness
  • COVID-19* / complications
  • Humans
  • Retina
  • Retinal Artery Occlusion* / diagnosis
  • Retinal Artery Occlusion* / etiology