Ifosfamide is a cancer-fighting chemotherapeutic that has been detected in aquatic ecosystems. Zebrafish larvae were exposed to either 0, 1 or 100 µg/L ifosfamide in the water for 7 days, and fish were subjected to total RNA extraction and RNA-seq analysis with the Illumina NovoSeq 6000 instrument. Raw sequence data were processed through fastp and clean reads obtained by removing adapter and poly-N sequences, as well as low quality reads. Differential gene expression was performed using the abundance of transcripts that mapped to the zebrafish genome. To uncover putative targets regulated by microRNAs, Pathway Studio 12.0 was used to conduct a subnetwork enrichment analysis. Expression data were used to predict which microRNAs were important for the response to ifosfamide exposure. There were 21 common microRNAs identified in both the "IFOS1" and "IFOS100" datasets. These were MIR150, MIR6515, MIR657, MIR216A, m_Mir741, MIRLET7E, miR-let-7, MIR2392, r_Mir3551, MIR181B1, MIR33A, MIR502, MIR193B, MIR146A, MIR431, MIR647, m_Mir1192, MIR297, MIR328, and MIR4717. Data can be re-used to advance adverse outcome pathways in regulatory toxicology and to refine biomarker discovery for antineoplastics in aquatic environments.
Keywords: Aquatic toxicology; Cancer treatment; Interactome; Risk assessment.
© 2023 The Author(s).