Hereditary dentin defects with systemic diseases

Oral Dis. 2023 Sep;29(6):2376-2393. doi: 10.1111/odi.14589. Epub 2023 Apr 24.


Objective: This review aimed to summarize recent progress on syndromic dentin defects, promoting a better understanding of systemic diseases with dentin malformations, the molecules involved, and related mechanisms.

Subjects and methods: References on genetic diseases with dentin malformations were obtained from various sources, including PubMed, OMIM, NCBI, and other websites. The clinical phenotypes and genetic backgrounds of these diseases were then summarized, analyzed, and compared.

Results: Over 10 systemic diseases, including osteogenesis imperfecta, hypophosphatemic rickets, vitamin D-dependent rickets, familial tumoral calcinosis, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia, hypophosphatasia, Elsahy-Waters syndrome, Singleton-Merten syndrome, odontochondrodysplasia, and microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II were examined. Most of these are bone disorders, and their pathogenic genes may regulate both dentin and bone development, involving extracellular matrix, cell differentiation, and metabolism of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D. The phenotypes of these syndromic dentin defects various with the involved genes, part of them are similar to dentinogenesis imperfecta or dentin dysplasia, while others only present one or two types of dentin abnormalities such as discoloration, irregular enlarged or obliterated pulp and canal, or root malformation.

Conclusion: Some specific dentin defects associated with systemic diseases may serve as important phenotypes for dentists to diagnose. Furthermore, mechanistic studies on syndromic dentin defects may provide valuable insights into isolated dentin defects and general dentin development or mineralization.

Keywords: bone; dentin dysplasia; dentinogenesis imperfecta; hereditary disease; systemic disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dentin
  • Dentinogenesis Imperfecta* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Odontodysplasia* / pathology
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta* / pathology
  • Vitamin D


  • Vitamin D