Earthquakes from a radiological perspective: what is demanded from the radiologists, and what can we do? A pictorial review

Diagn Interv Radiol. 2024 Jan 8;30(1):30-41. doi: 10.4274/dir.2023.232157. Epub 2023 Apr 24.

Abstract

Earthquakes are among the most destructive and unpredictable natural disasters. Various diseases and ailments, such as bone fractures, organ and soft-tissue injuries, cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, and infectious diseases, can develop in the aftermath of severe earthquakes. Digital radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging are significant imaging modalities utilized for the quick and reliable assessment of earthquake-related ailments to facilitate the planning of suitable therapy. This article examines the usual radiological imaging characteristics observed in individuals from quake-damaged regions and summarizes the strengths and functionality of imaging modalities. In such circumstances, where quick decision-making processes are life-saving and essential, we hope this review will be a practical reference for readers.

Keywords: Earthquakes; compartment syndromes; crush injuries; disasters; embolism; emergencies; multiple trauma; radiology information systems.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disasters*
  • Earthquakes*
  • Fractures, Bone* / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Radiography
  • Radiologists