ENHANCED DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY 1 promotes hydrogen peroxide scavenging to enhance rice thermotolerance

Plant Physiol. 2023 Aug 3;192(4):3106-3119. doi: 10.1093/plphys/kiad257.

Abstract

Heat stress is a major factor limiting the production and geographic distribution of rice (Oryza sativa), and breeding rice varieties with tolerance to heat stress is of immense importance. Although extensive studies have revealed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a critical role in rice acclimation to heat stress, the molecular basis of rice controlling ROS homeostasis remains largely unclear. In this study, we discovered a novel heat-stress-responsive strategy that orchestrates ROS homeostasis centering on an immune activator, rice ENHANCED DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY 1 (OsEDS1). OsEDS1, which confers heat stress tolerance, promotes hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) scavenging by stimulating catalase activity through the OsEDS1-catalase association. The loss-of-function mutation in OsEDS1 causes increased sensitivity to heat stress, whereas the overexpression of OsEDS1 enhances thermotolerance. Furthermore, overexpression lines greatly improved rice tolerance to heat stress during the reproductive stage, which was associated with substantially increased seed setting, grain weight, and plant yield. Rice CATALASE C (OsCATC), whose activity is promoted by OsEDS1, degrades H2O2 to activate rice heat stress tolerance. Our findings greatly expand our understanding of heat stress responses in rice. We reveal a molecular framework that promotes heat tolerance through ROS homeostasis regulation, suggesting a theoretical basis and providing genetic resources for breeding heat-tolerant rice varieties.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Catalase / genetics
  • Catalase / metabolism
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / metabolism
  • Oryza* / metabolism
  • Plant Breeding
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Thermotolerance* / genetics

Substances

  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Catalase
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Plant Proteins