Eosinophils from A to Z

Allergy. 2023 Jul;78(7):1810-1846. doi: 10.1111/all.15751. Epub 2023 May 7.


Eosinophils are bone marrow-derived granulocytes and are found in low numbers in the peripheral blood of healthy subjects. In type 2 inflammatory diseases, eosinopoiesis in the bone marrow is increased, resulting in a rise in the number of mature eosinophils released in the circulation. From the blood, eosinophils can migrate in multiple tissues and organs under both physiological and pathological conditions. Eosinophils exert their various functions through the synthesis and release of a variety of granule proteins and pro-inflammatory mediators. Despite being present in all species of vertebrates, the functional role of eosinophils is still a matter of debate. Eosinophils may play a role in host defense against various pathogens. In addition, eosinophils have been reported to be involved in tissue homeostasis and exhibit immunomodulatory activities. In this review, we aim to provide a broad overview of eosinophil biology and eosinophilic diseases in a lexicon-style format using keywords starting from A until Z with cross-references to other chapters indicated in italics in the text or specified in parentheses.

Keywords: eosinophil; eosinophil subsets; eosinopoiesis; immunoregulation; tissue homeostasis.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Eosinophils* / physiology
  • Humans
  • Italy