Migrant Women in Shantytowns in Southern Spain: A Qualitative Study

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Apr 14;20(8):5524. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20085524.


The increase in intensive agriculture in Southern Spain, and the increasing need for migrant women, has led to the appearance of numerous shantytowns alongside greenhouses. In the last few years, the number of women who live in them has increased. This qualitative study delves into the experiences and future expectations of migrant women who live in shantytowns. Thirteen women who live in shantytowns in Southern Spain were interviewed. Results: Four themes emerged: dreams vs. reality, life in the settlements, worse for women, and "the papers". Discussion and Conclusions. Priority should be given to the care of women who live in shantytowns with specific programs; society must work to end these shantytowns and facilitate agricultural workers with access to housing; it is necessary to allow the resident registration of the people who live in shantytowns.

Keywords: Spain; migrants; shantytown; social and labor inequalities; women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Agriculture
  • Farmers
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Qualitative Research
  • Spain
  • Transients and Migrants*

Grants and funding

This research was funded by the Andalusian Agency of International Cooperation for Development (Agencia Andaluza de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo, AACID, (0F019/2019)), granted to the Alliance for Solidarity Organization “Rural and urban migrant women: Strengthening knowledge, abilities and alliances that promote awareness and mobilization of Andalusian civil society in defense of their rights”.