Purpose: Devimistat (CPI-613) is a novel inhibitor of tumoral mitochondrial metabolism. We investigated the effect of devimistat in vitro and in a phase Ib clinical trial in patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC).
Patients and methods: Cell viability assays of devimistat ± gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC) were performed and the effect of devimistat on mitochondrial respiration via oxygen consumption rate (OCR) was evaluated. A phase Ib/II trial was initiated in patients with untreated advanced BTC. In phase Ib, devimistat was infused over 2 hours in combination with GC on days 1 and 8 every 21 days with a primary objective to determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D). Secondary objectives included safety, overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).
Results: In vitro, devimistat with GC had a synergistic effect on two cell lines. Devimistat significantly decreased OCR at higher doses and in arms with divided dosing. In the phase Ib trial, 20 patients received a median of nine cycles (range, 3-19). One DLT was observed, and the RP2D of devimistat was determined to be 2,000 mg/m2 in combination with GC. Most common grade 3 toxicities included neutropenia (n = 11, 55%), anemia (n = 4, 20%), and infection (n = 3, 15%). There were no grade 4 toxicities. After a median follow-up of 15.6 months, ORR was 45% and median PFS was 10 months (95% confidence interval, 7.1-14.9). Median OS is not yet estimable.
Conclusions: Devimistat in combination with GC is well tolerated and has an acceptable safety profile in patients with untreated advanced BTC.
©2023 American Association for Cancer Research.