Everyone should know his or her cholesterol level. The means are now available for lowering cholesterol in the general population. Such efforts should be coupled with identification of moderate- and high-risk individuals for whom special efforts should be made in cholesterol lowering. The dietary approach outlined by the American Heart Association, which is clearly described in The Living Heart Diet (6), provides the best overall strategy for reducing cholesterol and for battling the epidemic of cardiovascular deaths that represents the No. 1 health problem in our society.