Arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures is at risk for under restoration of lateral femoral offset

Hip Int. 2024 Jan;34(1):134-143. doi: 10.1177/11207000231169914. Epub 2023 Apr 26.

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the restoration of hip biomechanics through lateral offset, leg length, and acetabular component position when comparing non-arthroplasty surgeons (NAS) to elective arthroplasty surgeons (EAS).

Methods: 131 patients, with a femoral neck fracture treated with a THA by 7 EAS and 20 NAS, were retrospectively reviewed. 2 blinded observers measured leg-length discrepancy, femoral offset, and acetabular component position. Multivariate logistic regression models examined the association between the surgeon groups and restoration of lateral femoral, acetabular offset, leg length discrepancy, acetabular anteversion, acetabular position, and component size, while adjusting for surgical approach and spinal pathology.

Results: NAS under-restored 4.8 mm of lateral femoral offset (43.9 ± 8.7 mm) after THA when compared to the uninjured side (48.7 ± 7.1 mm, p = 0.044). NAS were at risk for under-restoring lateral femoral offset when compared to EAS (p = 0.040). There was no association between lateral acetabular offset, leg length, acetabular position, or component size and surgeon type.

Conclusions: Lateral femoral offset is at risk for under-restoration after THA for femoral neck fractures, when performed by surgeons that do not regularly perform elective THA. This indicates that lateral femoral offset is an under-appreciated contributor to hip instability when performing THA for a femoral neck fracture. Lateral femoral offset deserves as much attention and awareness as acetabular component position since a secondary analysis of our data reveal that preoperative templating and intraoperative imaging did not prevent under-restoration.

Keywords: Hip biomechanics; THA; lateral femoral offset; total hip arthroplasty.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / methods
  • Femoral Neck Fractures* / diagnostic imaging
  • Femoral Neck Fractures* / surgery
  • Femur
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Leg Length Inequality / etiology
  • Leg Length Inequality / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies