Objective: Dupuytren contracture (DC) is a highly prevalent hand affection in which contracted fingers compromise hand function. It is a benign fibroproliferative condition affecting the hand palmar fascia with a deposition of excess matrix proteins in the extracellular space of the palmar aponeurosis. In particular type III over type I collagen V. Alginolyticus collagenase (CVA), is a new enzyme that is fully active on the collagen filaments and inactive on other components of the dermal extracellular matrix. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an intra-lesional injection of CVA on an animal model of subcutaneous fibrosis mimicking the pathological anatomy of the cord of Dupuytren's disease.
Materials and methods: We performed an in vivo study on 27 rats that were randomized into four groups, and we evaluated macroscopic and microscopic analysis examining the inflamed cell population and the extracellular matrix.
Results: In all cases, no skin necrosis, skin tears or wound dehiscence were recorded, demonstrating the safety of the CVA in contrast to group D which had full-thickness skin necrosis, and this is confirmed by the microscopic analysis of the samples treated with CVA, where no hematomas are found around the fibrotic area with the absence of leukocyte infiltrates and macrophages.
Conclusions: CVA is confirmed to be selective for collagens I and III, reducing the risk of vascular lesions or skin ulcerations.