Chatbot-mediated learning of cardiac auscultation

Intern Med J. 2022 Dec;52(12):2176-2180. doi: 10.1111/imj.15971.


Previous research suggested cardiac auscultation is underdeveloped in physicians-in-training. Developing proficiency requires wide exposure to signs, practice and feedback, which may not regularly occur in clinical environments. Our novel pilot study using a mixed-methods approach (n = 9) suggests chatbot-mediated learning of cardiac auscultation is accessible and possesses unique advantages, including immediate feedback, helping in the management of cognitive overload and facilitating deliberate practice.

Keywords: cardiology; clinical skill; medical education; medical student; simulation.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence*
  • Educational Measurement
  • Heart Auscultation*
  • Humans
  • Pilot Projects