Clinical results of proton beam radiotherapy for inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer: a Japanese national registry study

J Radiat Res. 2023 Jun 16;64(Supplement_1):i8-i15. doi: 10.1093/jrr/rrad017.


This study presents the first data of a Japanese nationwide multi-institutional cohort and compares them with the findings of systematic literature reviews on radiation therapies and inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) conducted by the Lung Cancer Working Group in the Particle Beam Therapy (PBT) Committee and Subcommittee at Japanese Society for Radiation Oncology. The Lung Cancer Working Group extracted eight reports and compared their data with those of the PBT registry from May 2016 to June 2018. All the analyzed 75 patients aged ≤80 years underwent proton therapy (PT) with concurrent chemotherapy for inoperable stage III NSCLC. The median follow-up period of the surviving patients was 39.5 (range, 1.6-55.6) months. The 2- and 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival rates were 73.6%/64.7% and 28.9%/25.1%, respectively. During the follow-up period, six patients (8.0%) had adverse events of Grade ≥ 3, excluding abnormal laboratory values. These included esophagitis in four patients, dermatitis in one and pneumonitis in one. Adverse events of Grade ≥ 4 were not observed. The results of these PBT registry data in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC suggest that the OS rate was at least equivalent to that of radiation therapy using X-rays and that the incidence of severe radiation pneumonitis was low. PT may be an effective treatment to reduce toxicities of healthy tissues, including the lungs and heart, in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC.

Keywords: chemoradiotherapy; inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer; particle beam therapy; proton beam therapy.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung* / pathology
  • East Asian People
  • Humans
  • Lung / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Proton Therapy* / adverse effects
  • Protons


  • Protons