Telemedicine Examination of the Knee

Cureus. 2023 Apr 1;15(4):e37009. doi: 10.7759/cureus.37009. eCollection 2023 Apr.


Introduction The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in rapid healthcare system adaptations, including the acceptance of telemedicine in primary care. In the case of knee ailments, among the most common problems encountered in primary care, telemedicine provides a literal window to observe the patient performing functional activities. Despite its potential, there is a lack of standardized protocols for data collection. The purpose of this article is to provide a step-by-step protocol to aid in performing a telemedicine examination of the knee. Methods This article provides a step-by-step guide for a telehealth examination of the knee. Results A step-by-step examination of how to structure a telemedicine evaluation of the knee. A glossary of images of each maneuver has been included to demonstrate the components of the examination. Additionally, a table of questions and possible answers were included to help guide the provider through a knee examination. Conclusion This article provides a structured and efficient means of extracting clinically relevant information during telemedicine examinations of the knee.

Keywords: functional testing; gait; knee; telehealth; virtual examination.